Abstract

Title:  Prescribed Fire and Selective Herbicides as Effective Management Tools for White-tailed Deer Forage in Intensively Managed Pine Stands of Mississippi
Author(s): Raymond B. Iglay, L.T. Thomas, B. D. Leopold, Mississippi State University
Year: 2006
Abstract: Even though recent work has demonstrated benefits of selective herbicides and burning to deer forage quality and quantity in pine stands, intensively managed pine has been excluded. Our objective was to experimentally compare burning and herbicide treatments to provide forage for white-tailed deer in thinned, intensively managed pine stands. We used a randomized complete block design with 6 stands (blocks, replicates) on Weyerhaeuser Company lands, west of Scooba, Mississippi. We established 4 10-ha plotslstands with 50m buffers and assigned randomly each a treatment (burn, herbicide, burn*herbicide, control). We estimated Shannon-Weaver diversity and species richness of plants during winter and summer 2002 and 2003, 3rd and 4th year post - treatment, via linetransects at 9 points within each plot and biomass clippings (kglha) within random 1 - m2 areas (1 01 plotlwinter; ZOlplotlsummer). Species diversity and richness were greatest in burn and burnlherbicide treatments. Control and herbicide only treatments resulted in more woody and semi-woody vines, respectively, but burn or burn herbicide treatments increased forbs, grasses, and grass-like vegetation. Combining prescribed fire and selective herbicides was effective for increasing desirable plants for white-tailed deer in intensively managed pine stands. Additional non-game species, particularly songbirds, were positively impacted by these treatments allowing integration of deer management with non-game species management

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