Title:  Preliminary results of an intensive white-tailed deer management program in the post oak region of Texas
Author(s): Whitehouse, D. B., R. E. Zaiglin, and K. R. Xerriman.
Year: 1985
Abstract: An intensive deer management program was initiated in 1977 to increase the quality of white-tailed deer (Qdocoileus virainianuS) on a 4,047-ha enclosed area in the post Oak savannah region of Texas. Population density was reduced from 1 deer per 1.9 ha in 1977 to 1 deer per 7.5 ha in 1984. Does 1.5 years of age and less represented 15% of the harvest in 1976 vs. 53% in 1983. The buckdoe ratio has been changed by selective harvest from 1:10 in 1976 to 1.00:0.75 in 1984. In 1983, 21% of the yearlings and 92% of 2-year-old-plus does were observed lactating. Average live weight of doe fawns decreased 6% from 1977 to 1983, and yearling doe weights increased 2%. Male fawn weights decreased from 9% from 1979 to 1983, and male yearling weights increased 8%. An effort was made in 1983 to harvest mature 8-point deer. Twenty-four bucks aged 4.5 years or older were harvested. Yearling bucks represented 42% of the total buck harvest. Bucks exhibiting undesirable antler qualities were harvested in all years. Based on incidental sightings and aerial censusing, bucks exhibiting superior antler qualities are increasing. Supplemental food plots are planted in the fall to augment quality and quantity of winter forage for deer and a pelleted supplement also is distributed at 31 sites throughout the management area 6 to 8 months of the year.

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