Title:  Here to Stay. How Do We Deal With Them?
Author(s): Karl V. Miller
Year: 2012
Abstract: Coyote populations have increased dramatically during the last decade in many areas of the southeastern United States. Because a growing body of evidence has indicated that coyotes are responsible for declines in recruitment in many areas, deer management prescriptions must be responsive to changing herd demographics. Although intensive coyote removal before and during fawn drop can increase fawn survival, trapping efforts likely are not a practical solution on most areas, and may not be warranted in others. Alternative strategies, such as providing abundant alternate prey, or increasing fawning cover, have been proposed to increase fawn survival, but the success of these strategies has not been demonstrated. Further, growing evidence of the behavioral plasticity of this predator, along with temporal and geographic variations in coyote density and impacts, clearly demonstrates the need for further research on coyote impacts as well as the importance of obtaining site-specific data on fawn recruitment rates. In some areas, antlerless harvest prescriptions may need to be adjusted in response to observed recruitment rates and deer management objectives. Because low recruitment rates may reduce potential population growth rates, antlerless harvest prescriptions may become more conservative to prevent overharvest. Site-specific data from camera surveys, hunter observations, and lactation rates will become increasingly important to monitor changing recruitment rates and population trends as a basis for developing sound deer management prescriptions.

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