Abstract

Title:  Environmental effects on activity patterns of mature male white-tailed deer.
Author(s): Demarais, S., R. E. Zaiglin, M. T. Pollock, and D. G. Whittaker
Year: 1989
Abstract: The influence of environmental variables on activity patterns of white-tailed deer is of great interest to the hunting public and is of some potential use by biologists. We studied effects of season, time of day, moon phase, frontal activity, wind speed, and wind direction on activity patterns of 24 mature, male white-tailed deer with radio-telemetry in south Texas during November 1984-October 1988. Activity patterns were indexed by measuring straight-line distance between consecutive locations separated by 2-to 3-hour intervals (N=5,377). Average distances moved by deer were analyzed separately for each variable in a complete block design. Season did not affect average distance moved (P=0.578), although it did influence circadian movement patterns. The distinct crepuscular movement pattern exhibited during spring, summer, and pre-rut (P<0.0004) was not apparent during rut and post-rut (P>0.19). Average distance moved was greater (P
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