Title:  Antlerless deer harvest strategies in Texas.
Author(s): Campo, J. J., G. E. Spencer, M. Reagan, and G. Boydston
Year: 1991
Abstract: Antlerless white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virninianus) harvest was permitted on 93% of the deer range in Texas for the 1989-90 hunting season. Prior to setting seasons, we presented harvest recommendations at public hearings in 67 counties to solicit comments and proposals for alternate regulations. We issued 19,717 antlerless deer permits to 5,352 landowners or their agents before and during the season in deer management compartments in 35 counties. Regulation of permits was based on the product of fall population density, recommended harvest factor, percent recruitment in the population, and averaged 55 hatpennit. Antlerless deer permits were issued primarily in the Post Oak Savannah, Pineywoods, and Cross Timbers and Prairies ecological areas. Either-sex harvest, no antlerless permit required, was permitted in 137 counties where the desired harvest exceeded the predicted harvest. Total deer harvest was 477,491 of which 46% were antlerless. The percent antlerless deer in the harvest increased 70% since 1979. Most (43%) of the antlerless harvest was taken from the Edwards Plateau Ecological Area. The greatest increase in antlerless harvest since 1979 occurred in the Pineywoods Ecological Area; it was attributable to more liberal harvest regulations and an increasing deer population. Under these antlerless deer harvest strategies, 7 regulations were used and the number of combinations of seasons and bag limits for deer decreased 70% from previous years.

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