Title:  White-tailed Deer and Tickborne Zoonoses: Emerging Public Health Issues and Deer Management.
Author(s): William R. Davidson, David E. Stallknecht, and Susan E. Little - University of Georgia
Year: 2002
Abstract: Six previously unknown tickborne zoonoses including babeiosis (Babesia microti), Lyme disease (Borellia burgdorferi), monocytotropic ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia chaffeensis), two distinct granulocytotropic ehrlichioses (E. phagocytophila and E. ewingii), and southern-tick-associated-rash-illness (B. lonestari) have emerged in the United States since the 1970s. In the eastern United States, these diseases are transmitted by either the black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis) or the lone star tick (Amblyomma americanum). Both of these ticks are ecologically dependent upon white-tailed deer (Odocoileus uirginianus) as a host for one or more tick life stage, and in some cases (e.g. E. chaffeensis) deer also are known to serve as vertebrate reservoirs of the pathogens. The direct and indirect links between deer and this array of tickborne zoonoses will focus a new public health component to deer management decision processes. Natural resource managers need to be cognizant of these new public health issues and resource managers should develop strategies to integrate input from public health agencies where appropriate, in order to ensure scientifically sound deer management practices.

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